Nuclear Models Elements 11-20 PDF Print E-mail

 

Sodium 11

Sodium stacks its proton rings in a two, six, and three structure, leaving one very strong magnetic band. As a metal, this magnetic band extends well outside the thermo-field, making it very chemically reactive.  It has only one stable isotope, 23Na.

The one extra neutron is in a three-protons by four-neutrons configuration.

 

Sodium

Isotope 22

Isotope 23

Isotope 24

Isotope 25

1s2

 

 

 

 

2p6

 

 

+2 type 6b

+2 type 6b

2s2 + 3s1

Type 3a

+1 type 3c

Type 3a

+1 type 3b

 

Unstable

Stable

Unstable

Unstable

 

2.6 yr

 

20.3 minutes

14.97 Hours

Magnesium 12

Magnesium’s nuclear arrangement is (two, six, four) proton rings.

Magnesium

Isotope 24

Isotope 25

Isotope 26

Isotope 27

Isotope 28

1s2

 

 

 

 

 

2p6

 

 

 

+2 type 6b

+3 type 6c

2s2 + 3s2

Type 4a

+1 type 4c

+2 type 4d

+1 type 4c

+1 type 4c

 

Stable

Stable

Stable

Unstable

Unstable

 

 

 

 

9.45 minute

21 hours

In Isotope 27 the magnetic interference between rings make this isotope unstable. For Isotope 28 there is less magnetic disruption but more stress to the structure leading to a longer half-life.

 

Aluminum 13

The nuclear arrangement is three, six, and four proton rings. Aluminum has one strong magnetic band and forms up to three links to atoms with extra magnetic energy.

 

Aluminum

Isotope 26m

Isotope 26

Isotope 27

Isotope 28

Isotope 29

1s2 + 3p1

1S2

See type 3

+1 type 3

 

+1 type 3

2p6

2P6

 

 

 

 

2s2 + 3s2

2S2 + 3S2 + 3P1

 

 

+2 Type 5c

+2 Type 5c

 

 

Unstable

Stable

Unstable

Unstable

 

Unstable

 

 

 

 

 

6.3 sec

7.2x10^5 YR

 

2.25 minutes

6.5 minutes

 

 

Silicon 14

The nuclear arrangement is two, six, four, and two proton rings. Silicon has the ability to form up to four magnetic links.

 

Silicon

Isotope 28

Isotope 29

Isotope 30

Isotope 31

Isotope 32

1s2

 

 

 

 

 

2p6

 

 

 

+2 type 6b

+3 type 6c

2s2

 

 

 

 

 

3s2 + 3p2

Type 4a

+1 type 4c

+2 type 4d

+1 type 4c

+1 type 4c

 

Stable

Stable

Stable

Unstable

Unstable

 

 

 

 

2.6 hours

100 yrs

 

 

Phosphorus 15

The nuclear arrangement is (two, six, two, three and two) proton rings.

 

Phosphorus

Isotope 30

Isotope 31

Isotope 32

Isotope 33

Isotope 34

Isotope 35

Isotope 35

1s2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2p6

 

 

+2 type 6b

+2 type 6b

+3 type 6c

+4 type

6c

+6 type

6e

3s2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3p3

 

+1 type 3b

 

+1 type 3b

+1 type 3b

+1 type 3b

 

2s2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unstable

Stable

Unstable

Unstable

Unstable

Unstable

Unstable

 

2.5 minute

 

14.28 days

25.3 days

12.4 sec

47 sec

5.9 sec

 

 

Sulfur 16

The nuclear arrangement is (two, six, two, four and two) proton rings.

 

Sulfur

Isotope 32

Isotope 33

Isotope 34

Isotope 35

Isotope 36

Isotope 37

Isotope 38

1s2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2p6

 

 

 

+2 Type 6b

+3 type

6c

+3Type

6c

+6 type

6e

3s2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3p4

Type 4a

+1 type 4m

+2 type 4d

+1 type 4m

+1 type 4m

+2 type

4d

 

2s2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stable

Stable

Stable

Unstable

Stable

Unstable

Unstable

 

 

 

 

87.2 day

 

5 minutes

2.84

Hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chlorine 17

Chlorine

Isotope 34

Isotope 35

Isotope 36

Isotope 37

Isotope 38

Isotope 39

Isotope 40

Isotope 41

1s2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2p6

 

 

 

 

+3 Type 6c

+3 type 6c

+4 TY 6d

+4 TY 6d

3s2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3p5

 

+1 type 5b

+2 type 5c

+3 type 5d

+1 type 5b

+2 type 5d

+2 type 5c

+3 type 5d

2s2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unstable

Stable

Unstable

Stable

Unstable

Unstable

Unstable

Unstable

 

1.5 sec

 

3x10^5 yr

 

37.2 minutes

55.7 minutes

1.35 minutes

34 sec

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Argon 18

Argon

Isotope 36

Isotope 37

Isotope 38

Isotope 39

Isotope 40

Isotope 41

Isotope 42

1s2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2p6

 

 

 

 

+2 Type 6b

+3 type

6c

+3 type

6c

3s2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3p6

 

+1 type 6m

+2 Type 6b

+3 type

6c

+2 Type 6b

+2 Type 6b

+3 type

6c

2s2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unstable

Unstable

Stable

Unstable

Stable

Unstable

Unstable

 

1.53 sec

3.8 days

 

269 yrs

 

1.83 hrs

33 yrs

Argon’s magnetic energy should be shared between two protons from the 2p6 ring and the 3p6 ring.

 

 Potassium 19

Potassium

Isotope 38m

Isotope 38

Isotope 39

Isotope 40

Isotope 41

Isotope 42

Isotope 43

1s2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2p6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3s2 +4s1

Type 3f

Type 3a

+1 type 3d

+2 Type 3b

 

+1 type 3d

+2 type 3b

3p6

 

 

 

 

+3 type 6c

+3 type 6c

+3 type 6c

2s2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unstable

Unstable

Stable

Unstable

Stable

Unstable

Unstable

 

.92 sec

7.6 min

 

1.25x10^9 yr

 

12.6 hrs

22 hrs

Potassium 40 will have a different chemical bonding strength than the stable isotope potassium 39, due to all the protons in the center ring being magnetic balanced, whereas in isotopes 39 and 41, the magnetic bands should favor only one link from the 4s1 proton.

 

 

Calcium 20

Calcium

Isotope 40

Isotope 41

Isotope 42

Isotope 43

Isotope 44

Isotope 45

Isotope 46

Isotope 47

Isotope 48

1s2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2p6

 

 

 

 

 

 

+3 type 6c

+3 type 6c

+3 type 6c

3s2 +4s2

Type 4b

+1 type 4c

+2 type 4d

 

+1 type 4c

+2 type 4d

 

+1 type 4c

+2 type 4d

3p6

 

 

 

+3 type 6c

+3 type 6c

+3 type 6c

+3 type 6c

+3 type 6c

+3 type 6c

2s2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stable

Unstable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Unstable

Stable

Unstable

Stable

 

 

1x10^5 yrs

 

 

 

163.8 days

 

4.53 days

 

Isotope 47 is being crushed, so that the thermo-field energy of the 2s2 and 4s2 rings would be equal; this causes an imbalance. A similar thermo-field energy imbalance is also found in isotopes 41 and 45.

 

 

 


 

 

Last Updated on Tuesday, 31 March 2009 19:52
 

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