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Appendix Nuclear Structures of Common IsotopesFOR PHASED PARTICLE THEORY This is a best guess for nuclear arrangement, which attempts to balance the different forces within each atom. Please note that this is only a starting point, and there are presumably errors in the charts. Laughingly, if this were a test, I would say, I would only get a “D” as a grade. The stability of the atom’s nucleus is in the symmetry of structure and the balancing of the different types of field energies. Because the different rings of protons are arranged in symmetrical patterns of alpha particles, the magnetic energy between protons that come from the different rings is balanced. This allows the neutrons to share and control the energies so that the paths of the thermo-fields and magnetic bands of each proton with their different strengths do not cross.  Rules for a balanced atomic nucleus: 
  1. Protons are magnetic having a north and south pole.
  2. Neutrons balance the magnetic energy of protons
  3. Neutrons hold protons to a limited spacing
  4. Neutrons share thermal energy with other protons within each ring
  5. Neutrons share magnetic energy between rings
  6. The thermo-fields and magnetic fields are parallel
  7. Alpha particles are the most stable structure
  8. The ring shape allows for the projection of the thermo-fields
  9. Vertical symmetry is required to balance the different energies
  10. Only one ring can be magnetically unbalanced
  11. All rings with an odd number of protons are magnetically unbalanced
  12. Rings with even numbers of protons may be balanced or unbalanced depending on the arrangement of the neutrons
  13. The magnetic energy is balanced between all of the protons within the rings that exist on a single plane
  One type of ring that contains 6 protons can be arranged in various patterns:
  1. Type 6a, 6c and 6e are balanced
  2. Type 6a has no additional neutrons and is made up of three pairs of alpha particles
  3. Type 6c and 6e have three and six additional neutrons, respectively, spaced between the alpha particles
  4. Type 6b and 6d are unbalanced magnetically, with two and four additional neutrons, respectively
 The size and shape of the atom’s thermo-fields, along with the electrons’ attributes determine the chemical properties in relationship to the different states of matter. Additionally, the different isotopes are defined by their symmetry and stability. This makes isotopes chemistry a much easier area of study. Correlating the magnetic strength of isotopes with the different attributes of each element will open new fields of study.  


Last Updated on Tuesday, 31 March 2009 19:25

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